Handbook on Human Security: A Civil-Military-Police Curriculum

The Handbook (download here) is an innovative, first-of-its-kind integrated civil-military-police training curriculum which aims to provide practical guidance and a shared set of terms and concepts to enable civil-military-police coordination to support human security. It explores ways to achieve meaningful local ownership in the security sector. It provides nearly forty case studies of civil society and security actors using the principles of peacebuilding to work together towards human security.

The Handbook includes

10 modules &  31 lessons

with reading and training notes for each
lesson, including exercises and scenarios.

Each lesson is approximately 1 hour
including an optional 15-20 minute
powerpoint summarizing the handbook,
and then 30-45 minutes of exercises
and discussion on the themes.

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Module 1:

Leadership in

This module provides an introduction to the most important foundational ideas in this Handbook.

It creates a foundation for understanding why it is important for civil society, civilians in government, military and police to coordinate their approaches to human security.

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Lesson 1: Mapping Stakeholders in Complex Environments
Lesson 2: Adaptive Leadership
Lesson 3: Inter-Cultural Competence
Lesson 4: Self-Assessment

Module 2:


This module introduces the
definitions of the state-society relationship, the security
sector, civil society.

This module provides a conceptual foundation for analysis of the roles and responsibilities of each of these stakeholders.

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Lesson 5: State-Society Relations
Lesson 6: Introduction to the Security Sector
Lesson 7: Introduction to Civil Society
Lesson 8: Legal Frameworks for Civil-Military-Police Relations

Module 3:

Multi-Stakeholder Coordination

This modules identifies a range of approaches to civil-military-police coordination. It explores how coordination relates to local
ownership and the use of
multi-stakeholder processes.

Both technical and conceptual, the module aims to identify different types of coordination forums to increase local ownership in security.

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Lesson 9: Approaches to Multi-Stakeholder Coordination
Lesson 10: Local Ownership and Community Engagement
Lesson 11: Organising Multi-Stakeholder Processes

Module 4:

Coordination on Conflict Assessment

This module provides security forces, security policymakers and civil society with shared tools for researching and carrying out a conflict assessment and designing a basic intervention plan.

Without a shared understanding of the particular challenges of a given conflict, there can be no comprehensive strategy or coordination to support human security.

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Lesson 12: Conflict Assessment Research
Lesson 13: Conflict Assessment Tools
Lesson 14: Moving from Conflict Assessment to Planning

Module 5:

Comparing Approaches to Security

This module compares and contrasts different approaches to security. There are fundamental tensions between different approaches to security.

Understanding different points of view is essential to enable all stakeholders to appreciate the different theories of change that underlie the strategic narrative in each approach.

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Lesson 15: Human Security and National Security
Lesson 16: Approaches to Violence
Lesson 17: Approaches to Policing and Justice
Lesson 18: Approaches to to Security Sector Reform (SSR)
Lesson 19: Approaches to Disarmament, Demobilisation & Reintegration

Module 6:

Conflict Prevention
and Peacebuilding Skills

Multi-stakeholder coordination
requires advanced communication
and conflict skills. These skills are
necessary for every level of
interaction - but become even more
important in a complex environment.

This module provides civil society, military and police leaders with practical skills in communication, dialogue, negotiation
and mediation.

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Lesson 20: Communication and Conflict Skills
Lesson 21: Dialogue and Facilitation Skills
Lesson 22: Negotiation Skills
Lesson 23: Mediation Skills



Module 7:

Civilian Assistance

This module helps civilians,
military and police to understand
different terminology, potential
dangers and international
guidance for coordinating
civilian assistance.

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Lesson 24: Understanding Civilian Assistance
Lesson 25: Coordinating Civilian Assistance

Module 8:

Protection of Civilians

This module provides a foundation
for military, police, and civilians on
the core ideas, functions, practices, and principles known as "protection
of civilians" (PoC).

This module aims to provide a common understanding in each
of three areas: general protection
of civilians, gender mainstreaming
in security, and mitigating
civilian harm.

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Lesson 26: Mainstreaming Protection of Civilians
Lesson 27: Gender Mainstreaming in Security
Lesson 28: Mitigating Civilian Harm

Module 9:

Trauma Awareness, Resilience & Managing Stress

This module provides an
introduction to the impact of
trauma, stress, resilience and
self-care that face military,
police, civilians who work in
stressful contexts.

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Lesson 29: Trauma Awareness
Lesson 30: Resilience, Self-Care and Managing Stress

Module 10:

Security Governance, Accountability & Performance

This module concludes the
Handbook with a lesson outlining
how civilians, military and the police can work together to monitor and evaluate security governance, accountability and

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Lesson 31: Assessing Security Governance, Accountability & Performance

Latest Update

The Improving Practice Working Group had a global learning exchange in The Hague on 9-11 October, with participants from 9 regions as well as global training providers. The group worked through a number of modules and case studies from the Handbook on Human Security and deliberated on planning for next year.